Festival du film d'Aubagne24 avr. 2020
Le Festival du film d'Aubagne "Music & Cinema" a dû lui aussi cette année s'adapter au confinement lié à la crise du coronavirus. Il a donc proposé une 21e édition très spéciale, puisqu'elle a été digitale, du 30 mars au 4 avril 2020. Les films pour lesquels le festival avait préalablement obtenu l'autorisation de diffusion sur internet ont été disponibles gratuitement, pendant 24h, à la date initialement prévue de leur projection.
Des élèves ont, à cette occasion, rédigé des critiques des films qu'elles/ils ont vus, qu'il s'agisse de courts ou de longs métrages. Ils les partagent ici avec vous. Les textes présentés ici ont été rédigés en anglais, par des élèves de DNL (HG en anglais). Merci à toutes celles et tous ceux qui ont apporté leur contribution!
AUBE, Valentine Lapière
Aube, is a Belgian short film by Valentine Lapière released in 2019. It lasts about 15 minutes. It is a fiction.
Synopsis: Kim, a 14 year old girl, is placed in a detention center. To catch her breath, she will have to find her balance, her place.
Kim has a rather nuanced character: she is violent with her classmates but has a very human behaviour with animals. Her behaviour with other people of her age who harass her in the establishment shows her impulsive side, but her behaviour with animals shows that she has a heart. Her physical appearance, characterized by accentuated dark circles around the eyes for exemple, means she's tired. She doesn't care if her boots are going to be too big or not, she doesn't mind, as long as she's working with animals.
The story is introduced by the sight of a drill: the one present in the workbench. Then we see Kim working, we know afterwards that she is not a good student but gives her best to succeed.
The scene showing the argument between her and her classmates who make her remarks because she can't write is important: Kim is not afraid to fight and has hate inside her.
The scene where the protagonist has to mercilessly pull out the rabbit's teeth shows here her love and empathy for the animals. She doesn't do it and even goes so far as to break him out so that the rabbit doesn't suffer. The end of the film shows a discussion between Kim and her primary educator, wherease during the film, each time, heavy tensions were present. We notice that Ludivine has managed to calm her down and will establish a link between her and the girl.The end is therefore very open: the arguments have calmed down: Kim will be able to trace her true path on a new and healthy basis. The film offers interesting framing: when Kim can no longer control herself, she goes outside to the fence and observes the fields behind it: she dreams of going out and being free.
The film is both a narrative and a discourse, conveying a vision of the world. Here the director offers a vision of detention centres that can be hard on young people, violence, anger, sensitivity, beatings and hatred of everyone
This short film is worth watching, we feel many different emotions during this one. We also understand that life can be hard for everyone. This excerpt made me think about one thing: before complaining, we must look around us, see if there is not something worse than us, because given the suffering of other people, our tears have little value next to it.
Ellora Vallon (205)
Un fils, Mehdi Barsaoui
This film was made in 2019 by Mehdi Barsaoui. He tells the story of a family consisting of Youssef (the father), Mériem (the mother) and Haziz (the son). This wealthy Tunisian family is on a business trip to Tunisia for Youssef company. When this trip is over, on the road, they meet a group of terrorists who shoot on their car, reaching little Haziz. This one needs an organ donation, especially a new liver. Youssef and Meriem, ready to all for their son, volunteer to donate part of their liver. The fall of the story is quite interesting: with the blood type analyses, to know if they are compatible with their son, the doctor realizes that first Meriem is not compatible, but above all that Youssef is not Haziz's the biological father. But time passes and Haziz’s health worsens. Youssef, both furious and sad by the news, is forced to accept a man’s offer: a new liver for 150,000 dinars. The worry is that everything would be done clandestinely; this doctor retrieves war children in order to recover their organs. Meriem tries to contact Haziz’s biological father in vain. Youssef gets ripped off and ends up with 150,000 fewer dinars, in addition to his suffering son. Tempting everything for all, he goes to Sami, the biological father of Haziz and makes him accept the operation that his son needs to survive.
This film wants to highlight family life in a country where religion is something that guides people and does not allow to do things that are considered out of a certain will. He also highlights deception, the fact of having a relationship before "the" love of your life and which can also have big repercussions on your family life. And finally, it highlights the fact that science is not as advanced in African countries, and many old methods are kepts there.
Mila Stantina (101)
Papicha, Mounia Meddour
Le film de Mounia Meddour intitulé « Papicha » a été présenté au Festival du Film d’Aubagne, en tant que long-métrage hors catégorie. Il date de 2019, mais l’action a lieu durant les années 1990, dans la ville d’Alger, en Algérie. Il met en scène Lyna Khoudri, dans le rôle de Nejma, Shirine Boutella, qui joue Wassila et Amira Hilda Daouda, qui joue Samira.
Nous suivons l’histoire de Nejma, une étudiante qui veut devenir styliste. Résidant dans un campus universitaire, elle fréquente tous les week-ends les boîtes de nuit de la ville avec son amie Wassila, même si c’est interdit. Elles font les quatre cent coups, dansent, fument, portent du maquillage. Ensemble, elles vendent les robes de Nejma aux jolies jeunes filles Algéroises appelées Papichas, ce qui a donné le nom du film. A l’université, elles suivent des cours de français dans un campus où elles n’ont pas suffisamment accès à l’eau et à l’électricité pour vivre dignement. Un mur est construit pour les empêcher de sortir.
Leurs amies ont toutes des personnalités différentes : Samira est voilée, elle est très croyante. Soumise à sa famille et aux traditions, elle regrette son futur mariage. Kahina veut juste quitter le pays, alors de Nejma et Wassila veulent rester et se battre pour leurs droits. La sororité qui règne entre elles est très touchante.
Ces jeunes femmes refusent le port du voile religieux, et s’attirent des ennuis à cause de cela. Des groupes islamistes font souvent irruption dans leurs chambres ou dans leurs salles de classe, pour les effrayer et les menacer. Ils veulent imposer leur manière de penser par la violence, les attaques terroristes sont de plus en plus fréquentes dans le pays.
Révoltées contre toutes les injustices qu’elles subissent en raison de leur sexe, Nejma et sa bande ne veulent ni se soumettre, ni avoir peur. Elles résistent à la radicalisation, qui se répand progressivement avec notamment des affiches de propagande encourageant les femmes à porter le niqab.
Un jour, Nejma retourne chez elle pour voir sa mère, veuve, et sa sœur Linda, une journaliste. Les deux sœurs ont l’air très proches. Leur mère passe un moment à leur parler des différentes manières de porter le haïk, un voile religieux. Elle leur explique que, pendant la Guerre d’Indépendance, les femmes cachaient des armes sous leurs haïks. Plus tard, Nejma quitte la maison, et une femme portant justement un haïk arrive à la porte pour demander à parler à Linda. Elle la tue sous les yeux de sa mère.
Nejma, traumatisée, a une idée : organiser un défilé de mode avec des tenues seulement faites de haïks. Elle veut faire défiler ses amies dans la cafétéria de l’université. Une manière de provoquer, de clamer les libertés des femmes. Mais Nejma et ses amies devront se battre de toutes leurs forces pour atteindre leur objectif, risquant leurs vies…
Ce film basé sur des faits réels a remporté le César du Meilleur Premier Film, le César de l’Actrice la Plus Prometteuse et un Humanitarian Award. Selon moi, il mérite largement ces prix. Cette œuvre est un poignant témoignage de la condition des femmes en Algérie durant les années 90. Cette décennie est considérée comme une période noire, qui a vu le recul de la liberté des femmes.
L’œuvre dénonce l’oppression et la répression des femmes durant cette période, qui était et est la même dans plein d’autres pays. Le film met en lumière de nombreux problèmes sociaux au cœur de la lutte féministe; par exemple les femmes battues, quand Wassila se fait frapper par son copain, ou la grossesse avant mariage et le mariage forcé, dans le cas de Samira.
En 2019, un mouvement de manifestations appelées « Hirak » s'est développé en Algérie contre le gouvernement d’Abdelaziz Bouteflika. Certaines femmes y participent pour revendiquer leurs droits. Ce mouvement est mené par la jeune génération, donc peut-être l’égalité hommes-femmes est-elle en chemin ? Je ne peux pas personnellement apporter de réponse à cette question, je ne connais pas assez la situation politique et sociale du pays.
Cependant, le film « Papicha » a été censuré en Algérie, sans aucune raison donnée par le gouvernement. Cet élément laisse supposer que le combat n’est pas encore fini, et sera probablement long et rude. Quoi qu’il en soit, cette œuvre magnifique et engagée nous transporte allègrement au Maghreb, nous montrant une culture et une mentalité différentes. Nous ne pouvons qu’apprécier le mélodieux mélange d’arabe et de français que parlent les personnages, à la fois exotique et authentique.
Mounia Meddour nous offre un impressionnant panel d’émotions, du rire aux larmes en passant par la révolte et la peur. Le scénario est mené par Lyna Khoudri, une véritable révélation. L’engagement de ce film est résumé dans la détermination de ses yeux, une détermination qui ne plie jamais. Une merveilleuse incitation au combat, un poing brandit en l’air pour la libération des femmes. Un pur chef-d’œuvre.
Film review in English :
The movie by Mounia Meddour called « Papicha » was presented to the Movies Festival of Aubagne, as a full lenght film out of competition. Dating back to 2019, the scene takes place during the 90s, in the city of Alger, in Algeria. It stages Lyna Khoudri, starring at Nejma, Shirine Boutella, playing Wassila and Amira Hilda Douaouda, playing Samira.
We follow the story of Nejma, a student who wants to become a stylist. Living in the universitary campus, she goes to night clubs in the city with her friend Wassila every week-end, even if it is forbidden. They dance, smoke, wear make-up. Toghether, they sell Nejma’s dresss to pretty young Algerian girls called Papichas, which gave the title of the film. In the university, they study French litterature in a very poor campus, which doesn’t have enough water and electricity to permit students to live with dignity in a good way. A wall is built later to prevent them from going out.
Their friends have many different personnalities : Samira is veiled, she is very believer. Submitted to her family and to traditions, she regrets her future wedding. Kahina only wants to go out of the country, while Nejma and Wassila want to stay, to fight for their rights. The sorority between them is extremely moving.
These girls refuse to wear religious veil, and they have problems because of it. Islamist groups often burst in their French courses, or in their bedrooms, to scare and threat them. They want to impose their way of thinking through violence, terrorist attacks are rising in the country.
Revolted against all of the injustices they live because of their sex, Nejma and her band don’t want to be afraid or to get submitted. They resist to radicalisation, which is progressively spread, with for example propaganda posters to encourage/persuade women to wear a niqab.
One day, Nejma comes back home to see her mother, a widow, and her sister Linda, a journalist. Sisters seem to be very close. Their mother talks about traditionnal ways to wear a religious veil called haïk. She explains that during the Independance War, women wore weapons under haïks, to hide them. Then, Nejma leaves the house, and a woman wearing a haïk comes up in front of the door, asking to talk to Linda. She shots her under the eyes of her mother.
Nejma, traumatized, had an idea : to create a fashion show with outfits only constituted with haïks. She would put her friends on the show in the self-service of her university. A way to provoke, a way to claim women’s freedom. But Nejma and her friends will have to fight hard to reach their goal, risking their lives...
This fact-based movie won the Cesar of the Best First Movie, the Cesar of the Most Promising Actress and a Humanitarian Award. In my opinion, it deserves largely these prices. This artwork is a poignant witness of the status of women during the 90s in Algeria. This decade is considered as a black period, which saw the recession of women’s freedom.
The artwork, inspired by real facts, denounces the opression and the repression of women in Algeria in 90s, which is and was the same in many other countries. The film highlights numerous social problems at the heart of the feminist struggle, for instance battered women when Wassila is beaten by her boyfriend, or pregnancy before wedding and forced marriage in the case of Samira.
Since 2019, marchs called « Hirak » have developed in Algeria against the government of Abdelaziz Bouteflika, and some women participate to claim their rights. This movement is lead by young people, so perhaps the equality between men and women is underway ? I can’t personnaly bring any answer to this question, I don’t know enough the political and social situation of the country.
However, « Papicha » has been censored in Algeria, without any reason given by the government. This element let us suppose that the fight isn’t finished yet, and will probably still be long and hard. By the way, this commited and magnificient movie make us travel in Islamic Maghreb, showing us a different culture and a different mentality. We enjoy the mix of Arabian and French languages, exotic and authentical.
Mounia Meddour offers us an impressive panel of emotions, alternating laughs, tears, revolte and fear. The script is enhanced by Lyna Khoudri, a revelation. The commitment of the movie is resumed in the determination of her eyes, a determination which never falls. An enjoyable incitation to fight, a fist pumped in the air for women’s liberation. A pure masterpiece.
Lisa Ponçon (103)
Aiò Zitelli, Jean-Marie Antonini
This short movie by Jean-Marie Antonini shows the atrocities and abuses that took place during World War I. Aiò Zitelli, both the name of the main character and the name of the film, is very hard and very realistic. It is not aimed at a young audience. This film takes us into a world of war from the very first scene where we discover the space-time setting. We do not know, until then, exactly the date or the site. We then discover the heart of the film: Aiò Zitelli, of Corsican origin, is called to headquarters to translate the judgment of an old friend, who is also Corsican. This Corsican is accused of desertion, later we learn that before deserting he received a shell shot which can exonerate him. Throughout this short film we see the main character at the mercy of his superiors. This Corsican finally receives the capital punishment. But the superiors don't realize their act.
At the realistic level, the weapon used is a "Lebel rifle model 1886 M93". It was the most used on the French side during WWI. However the costumes shall be revised since at that time - the judgement happens in 1915 - the French soldiers were dressed with a blue jacket and red trousers, which is not the case here. However, the war of position, when soldiers created trenches to protect themselves, is well in accordance with the spacio-temporal frame. This film shows the injustices, the levelling of the law and the atrocities that must have taken place during the First World War.
Written by MARTIN Robin (103)
Freedom is mine, Mahmoud Salamah
Freedom is mine is a short-film by Mahmoud Salamah of approximately four minutes.
In this short time, the work depicts a man trying to flee his country on a boat and finally being incarcerated in an Immigration Detention Centre.
The court of this center is dreary and grey, contrasting with the outside, shiny and flowery.
A fence separates the man from sun and freedom. The days pass and a voice whispers ‘Do something’ while the man observes the world behind the fence.
So the man takes some paintbrushes and tubes and decides to paint the fence in the colors of the outside. Like this, it is as if the fence had disappeared.
In a way, the man has appropriated his freedom and made the wall between him and the world vanish.
Hence the title « Freedom is mine ». He might still be a prisoner, but he cannot completely be one.
Célia Lacroix-Astier (TES1)
L’enfant chameau, Chabname Zariâb
This movie lasts 15 minutes and it takes place in the United Arab Emirates, in a desert. It’s about a child, Ramine, who was kidnapped to participate in a camel race. In this short film, we see that Ramine trains for the camel race only to find his mother, but he misses her. Mustapha, the man who trains Ramine, uses this sorrow to manipulate him. He lies to him and we only see it at the end when Mustapha gives an advertisement to Ramine as a clue to help him finding his mother. Ramine likes his camel, he’s sorry when he hits him and he will go away with him, this is a child feeling to his animal, his only support. This is the personal story of Ramine.
In general, we learn how children, who participate in camel races, are treated. If they fail, they are beaten. We can hear that in a scene and then we see Ramine’s wound. Children are also hungry, they are undernourished and they are only useful to earn money. At the end, a message explains that this is what really happens in the UAE.
Music is important in this movie. During the race, there is an action music which gives more intensity to the scene. We live race and Ramine’s feelings, the shot is focused on him and we see only at the end that he wins the race. This scene is really intense. Then, a sad music accompanies Ramine’s sadness. He has only his camel and a false photograph to find his mother. He has no food, no water to cross the desert. This scene is emotional.
In my view, this short movie is really interesting not only thanks to music and good shots but also due to the fact that this is real and this movie is dedicated to these children.
Didier Laurentine (TES1), April 2020
Puzzle, Olivier Pairous
The film I chose is called "Puzzle" in the short films category. It was made by Olivier Pairoux in Belgium in 2018. It is a sci-fi movie.
At the beginning we are at the birthday of a boy, Brian, when a man called "the Destructor" wants to destroy the Earth. A few years later, this man lives in a mobile home in space in an unpleasant situation, but at this moment one of the gifts of Brian's birthday, comes in his home, he unpacks it and discovers it: it's a sophisticated robot. This one asks him about his parents and many other things. It makes him angry . The Destructor wants to get rid of it but he can't. When the Destructor sleeps the robot finds a scotch tape and repairs everything it finds, even a photo of the Destructor and his son, which is close to his heart but before the man can see the repaired photo, he becomes so angry against the robot that he breaks it. Then, the Destructor tryes to repair it, but the only solution is to replace the battery. So, the Destructor takes his own one, that kept him alive, in order to give it to the little robot.
I think this movie shows us that making decisions when you are upset is bad because we often regret it after. Indeed, the Destructor was angry because people used to say full of horrible things about him and his son in the newspapers. His son, we still know nothing about.